NMIH303 DIARY ENTRIES & REFLECTION 代寫
FOR USE IN NMIH303 1ST ASSIGNMENT – DIARY ENTRIES & REFLECTION
Rolfe, Freshwater and Jasper (2002, p. 4 of 5) provide a framework (see below) using Borton’s (1970)
developmental model. Through asking ourselves three questions, namely ‘what?’, ‘so what?’, and ‘now what?’, we can
stimulate a reflective process that moves us from novice to advanced levels.
§? Level 1 involves reflecting on the situation to describe what happened.
§? Level 2 asks for the situation to be considered in the context of personal theory and knowledge about what
happened to learn from it (References)
§? Level 3 reflects on action and suggests ways of improving the situation including reflecting on the
consequences of those actions.
Rolfe, Freshwater and Jasper (2002, p. 4 of 5) consider level 3 reflective practice allows the greatest contribution to
Level 1 Level 2
Descriptive level of
Theory - and knowledge -
building level of reflection
(reflective) level of
… is the problem/difficulty/
reason for being stuck/reason for
feeling bad/reason we don’t get
… was my role in the situation?
… was I trying to achieve?
… actions did I take?
… was the response of others?
… were the consequences
· for the patient?
· for myself?
· for others?
… feelings did it evoke
· in the patient?
· in myself?
· in others?
… was good/bad about the
So what? …
… does this tell me/teach
me/imply/mean about me/my
patient’s care/the model of care I am
patient’s attitudes/etc., etc.?
… was going through my mind as I
… did I base my actions on?
… other knowledge can I bring to
… could/should I have done to
make it better?
… is my new understanding of the
… broader issues arise from the
Now what? …
… do I need to do in order to make
things better/stop being
stuck/improve my patient’s
care/resolve the situation/feel
better/get on better/etc., etc.?
… broader issues need to be
considered if this action is to be
… might be the consequences of
Rolfe, G, Freshwater, D & Jasper, M 2002, Critical reflection for nurses and the helping professions: a user’s guide, Nursing
Standard , London, viewed 15 December 2009.
Assessment 1 Reflective Portfolio
• Read Assessment task details and marking guide in the folder on Moodle
• The portfolio is a personal account and words such as “my’ ‘I” can be used, however it
is still to be a formal, academic writing style.
• The diary entries are not counted in the word count or marked, it is to give the reader
insight into the experience that you had. They will remain private and confidential
• Being in third year now there is an expectation that you will investigate in more depth
and move beyond writing at the level of description (Level 1). This means that you will
have consulted more evidence and more references than you would have used when
working in second year.
• Not all of the suggested elements of the reflective model will apply in all situations. Use
the ones that do, and do not try and meet the ones that don’t.
• You can use headings eg Diary entry 1, level 1, level 2, level 3 etc
• Include a brief succinct introduction then commence diary entries/reflection and end
with a brief conclusion.
• Please post assessment questions in the forum on Moodle and these will be answered
promptly during business hours.