新南威爾士UNSW代寫:精神衛生保健

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  • 新南威爾士UNSW代寫:精神衛生保健

    隨著社會的發展,越來越多的人,尤其是從事密集工作的人,陷入了心理上的困境。此外,有許多精神病患者有各種原因。然而,很少有人會承認自己是精神病患者。隨著問題的增多,自殺事件越來越頻繁。它對社會有很大吸引力。為緩和緊張局勢,《精神衛生法1986》(ACT)規定的社區治療令(CTO)出現了。大多數國家開始使用社區治療令,這引發了人們之間的爭議。本文首先論述了社區處理令的益處,它究竟賦予了我們什么樣的工作。在這之后,它就會顯示出它的風險,任何事物都有兩面性,我們應該從兩個方面來考慮。隨后,將談談護士的角色,包括護士的責任。最后,將展示學者如何看待這一命令。
    社區處理令的好處
    報道說,CTOs已在薩斯喀徹溫省(1995)、馬尼托巴(1997)和不列顛哥倫比亞(1999)。在國際上,首席技術官在美國已經實現了(41個國家),在澳大利亞、新西蘭和英國,這樣一個廣泛的應用表明,它仍然有好處。由于大多數精神病患者拒絕接受治療,可能有這樣的原因。首先,在他們看來,由于精神病而在特殊醫院接受治療,費用是另一個重要因素。眾所周知,對于這樣一個小感冒,要花費700美元來治療。因此,高昂的醫療費用會使市民望而卻步。幸運的是,首席技術官正好解決了這些疑慮。對患者而言,一方面,他們可以及時獲得治療,而不用擔心車費。另一方面,他們的親戚也很方便地順便來照顧他們。如果精神病老人療養院不是經憲報認可的精神衛生服務的一部分,該人可以被置于社區治療令上接受必要的治療。對社會而言,它是減輕大型醫院負擔、充分利用社會資源、促進社會和諧的有效途徑。從長遠來看,CTO還可以減少失業,因為他們需要大量的護士、專業精神病學家、心理健康從業者等等。立法規定,社區治療令上的人不能進入私人精神病院,這會削弱私人醫院的糾紛。有人擔心他們的權益得不到保障。事實證明這是一種不必要的焦慮。根據法律(維多利亞州首席技術官準則),一個人在一個社區處理令,一個社區訪客,或任何人誰滿足董事會他們真正關心的人可以上訴董事會關于一個人的非自愿狀態在任何時候。董事會必須立即開始上訴聆訊。看到它,如果我們想陳述或請求,精神健康審查委員會是幫助我們的一個有用的地方。從這個意義上講,中國已經啟動了大量資金,因此不需要大量資金。據調查,自1995以來,政府已投入2.63億美元提供高質量的精神衛生保健本省人最好的訪問。在這些方面,CTOs減少住院時間,提高治療的依從性,減少受害的精神病患者在社區和減少暴力侵害公眾的成員。從這些方面,這是一個雙贏的政策。

    新南威爾士UNSW代寫:精神衛生保健

    With the development of society, more and more people, especially people engaged in the intensive job, get into trouble in mentality. Moreover, there are many Psychiatric patients for various causes. However,few of them will admit themselves to be psychopath. As the problems accumulate, suicide events become more frequent. It makes a great attraction of society. To relive the tension,Community treatment orders(CTO) that are provided for by the Mental Health Act 1986 (the Act) spring up. Most countries begin to use Community treatment orders, which bring the controversy among people. This essay will firstly discuss the benefit of Community treatment orders,what work it entrusts to us after all. Following this, it will display the risk of it, every coin has two sides, we should look into both aspects. Subsequently, it will talk about what the role of nurses,including the responsibility for nurses. Finally, there will show how the scholar treats this orders.
    Benefits of Community treatment orders 
    The report has said that CTOs have been implemented in Saskatchewan (1995), Manitoba (1997) and British Columbia (1999). Internationally, CTOs have been implemented in the United States (41 states), in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, such a wide range of applications to show that it still has benefits. Owing to the rejection to treat from most people who have mental ill, maybe there are such reasons. First of all, in their opinions, receiving treatment in special hospital just because of mental illness Then, the expense is another important factors. As we all know,only for such a small cold, it costs people 700 dollars to treat. Therefore, high expense will bring citizens flinch to have hospital treatment. Luckily, CTO exactly solve these misgivings. For patients, on the one hand, they can access to treatment timely, and without worrying about fare. On the other hand, it is convenient for their relatives to drop by and take care of. If a psycho geriatric nursing home is not part of a gazette approved mental health service, the person can be placed on a community treatment order to receive the required treatment. To society, it’s a useful way to reduce the burden of the large hospital, make full use of social resources,and promote social harmony. From a further view,CTO also can reduce unemployment, for their needs plenty of nurses, professional Psychiatrists, mental health practitioners and so on. The legislation rules that person on a community treatment order cannot be admitted to a private psychiatric hospital, which detract the disputes with private hospital. Someone is afraid that their rights and interests cannot be guaranteed. The fact proves that it is an unnecessary anxiety. According to the law(Victorian CTO guideline) contains that a person on a community treatment order, a community visitor, or anyone who satisfies the board they have a genuine concern for the person may appeal to the board regarding a person’s involuntary status at any time. The board must commence the hearing of an appeal without delay. Seeing it, if we want to state or request, Mental Health Review Board is a useful spot to help us. In term of it, the country has launched a lot of fund, so it does not need for large capital. According to the survey, since 1995, certain government has invested $263M to provide the best possible access to high quality mental health care to the people of this province.In these ways, CTOs reduce hospitalization, increase treatment compliance, decrease victimization of mentally ill persons in the community and decrease violence against members of the public.From these aspects, it’s a win-win policy. 

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